Many of us heard about gum bleeding, and possibility of having gum disease, but few, know that there are symptoms for this disease, and knowing them early, can protect us against this disease which, if left untreated, can most likely lead to teeth loss.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is mostly caused by poor oral hygiene, which can lead to gingivitis (early stage of gum disease) and later on, to more advanced stage, called “Periodontitis”. Other common factors are diabetes, use of certain medications, tobacco use, a poor diet, and genetic predisposition. However, most gum disease begins as simple gingivitis, which can be easily treated and prevented.


There are a number of indicators that you might have gum disease, whether gingivitis (early stage of gum disease) or more advanced disease called “periodontitis”. These symptoms include the following.

Red gum & Bleeding

Overly red or bleeding gums are not signs of good oral health. Whilst there may be other causes, it is advisable to have them checked out by specialist periodontist who will be able to determine if gum disease is the cause or not, and treat you accordingly.

Gum Recession

This is more common in older people, but it is not related to age per se, and this is also a possible sign of gum disease. Once the gums recede, the cementum layer (Yellow color), usually hidden below the gum line, becomes exposed and prone to dental decay as it is not protected by the gum, anymore.

Bad breath

Temporary bad breath can be caused by foods and drinks that we have eaten. Persistent bad breath though is often caused by the gases expelled by the ‘bad’ bacteria which exist in the mouth and degrade the gums. Whilst breath fresheners may mask these smells, at least to some degree, gum disease treatment will help you to eliminate this antisocial problem and improve your gum health too.

Moving teeth

Where gum disease has advanced, bone loss around the teeth start and teeth might start to have a degree of mobility.

No obvious signs

Some people experience no symptoms of gum disease at all, especially in the early stages. For these people, it can come as a surprise to discover that they have the problem whilst on a routine dental visit. The good news though is that, visiting your dentist and especially “Periodontist” who is a Gum Specialist, on a regular basis, usually every six months, can usually prevent a long term problems.

How to Prevent Gum Disease 

Gum disease can be prevented by maintaining a healthy oral routine – brushing twice per day for two minutes at a time and flossing once per day. You can also fight gum disease by visiting your dentist or preferably” Gum Specialist” called “Periodontist” twice a year for a routine oral checkup.

Do We Need to Treat Gum Disease Early!? 

Gum disease is best dealt with in its early stages making early diagnosis vital for successful treatment. Gum disease is also very nuanced and should be diagnosed by periodontist. Schedule an appointment with our Periodontist Dr. Miski, so, he can evaluate your oral health, and provide you with a treatment plan that will help combat your gum disease.